Aspergillus fumigatus is a type of fungus that commonly grows in soil, compost, and decaying organic matter. It can also be found in indoor environments such as homes and hospitals. While this fungus is not typically harmful to healthy individuals, it can pose a serious threat to those with weakened immune systems.

When individuals inhale Aspergillus fumigatus spores, the fungus can grow in their lungs and cause a variety of respiratory symptoms. This is known as aspergillosis, and it can range in severity from mild to life-threatening. Symptoms may include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and fever.

Treatment for aspergillosis typically involves antifungal medications, which can be taken orally or administered through an IV. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected lung tissue.

To reduce the risk of developing aspergillosis, it’s important to practice good hygiene and avoid environments where Aspergillus fumigatus is likely to grow, such as damp buildings or places with a lot of decaying organic matter. For those with weakened immune systems, it may be necessary to take additional precautions to prevent infection.