Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a life-threatening disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. The disease is primarily transmitted through the bite of an infected triatomine bug, also known as the kissing bug, but can also be spread through contaminated blood transfusions, organ transplants, and from mother to child during pregnancy.

Symptoms of Chagas disease include fever, fatigue, body aches, and swelling around the site of the bug bite. In the chronic phase, the disease can cause severe heart and digestive problems, and can sometimes lead to death.

Chagas disease is endemic in Latin America, where an estimated 6-7 million people are infected. However, cases have been reported in other parts of the world as well, including the United States and Europe.

Prevention of Chagas disease primarily involves avoiding contact with triatomine bugs and taking measures to control their populations. Treatment for Chagas disease is available, but it is most effective if started early in the course of the disease.

Awareness about Chagas disease is crucial in order to prevent its spread and ensure that those who are infected receive proper treatment. It is important for travelers to be aware of the risks of Chagas disease when visiting endemic areas and to take necessary precautions to avoid contact with the kissing bug.