Toxocariasis is a common zoonotic disease caused by the larvae of the dog and cat roundworms. The disease is most commonly acquired by young children through accidental ingestion of soil contaminated with these larvae. Symptoms can vary widely and can include fever, coughing, abdominal pain, vomiting, rash, and even blindness. While most cases of toxocariasis are mild and self-limiting, in rare cases, severe symptoms can occur, and the disease can even be fatal.

Prevention of toxocariasis involves good hygiene practices and the avoidance of contact with fecal matter from infected animals. This includes properly disposing of pet waste and washing hands thoroughly after handling pets or touching potentially contaminated surfaces.

Treatment for toxocariasis typically involves antiparasitic medication, as well as supportive measures to manage symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

The best way to protect yourself and your family from toxocariasis is to be aware of the risks associated with contact with infected animals and to take proactive steps to prevent infection. By following good hygiene practices and staying vigilant, you can help reduce the risk of toxocariasis and other zoonotic diseases.