PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever – Europe (01): Georgia (SJ, SK)


A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

[1] Date: Tue 23 May 2023
Source: [in Russian, machine trans., edited]

Over the past period, 8 cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever have
been recorded in Georgia, mainly in the regions of Samtskhe-Javakheti
and Shida Kartli, director of the Tbilisi Infectious Diseases Hospital
Tengiz Tsertsvadze writes on the social network.

According to Tsertsvadze, 6 patients have already been discharged, and
2 are continuing treatment. According to him, reservoirs of infection
are numerous domestic and wild animals, which are parasitized by

Recently, 8 cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) have been
registered in Georgia, mainly in the regions of Samtskhe-Javakheti and
Shida Kartli. All 8 patients were admitted to the Center for
Infectious Pathology and AIDS. All survived and 6 of them have already
been discharged, while 2 patients continue treatment.

With the advent of the hot season in Georgia, as in many countries of
the world, the spread of the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever becomes

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever begins suddenly and is characterized
by the following symptoms: headache, high fever, general weakness,
redness of the eyes, face and neck, bruising (red, brown or lilac
spots on the skin), bleeding of the gums and internal organs, rashes
(petechial , maculopapular), joint and muscle pain, abdominal pain,
vomiting, yellowness, blood thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, etc. There
may be relative bradycardia.

In order to avoid exacerbation of the disease and, accordingly,
adverse results, it is extremely important to start treatment on time,
so the patient should immediately contact a medical institution after
identifying clinical signs of the disease, so that the doctor can make
a timely and accurate diagnosis and conduct appropriate treatment.

“I would also like to turn to family doctors and clinics that since
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a particularly dangerous infection
with a high mortality rate, it is desirable that all patients with
suspected this disease be referred to a specialized infectious disease
referral clinic that has serious experience in dealing with this
disease,” writes Tsertsvadze.

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