PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis – Philippines (08): 52% increase in cases year over year


A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Fri 1 Sep 2023
Source: Philippine News Agency (PNA) [edited]

The country has logged a total of 2168 leptospirosis cases from 1 Jan
to 22 Jul 2023, a 52% increase from the 1423 cases during the same
period in 2022.

In an update, the Department of Health (DOH) said that the incidence
rate of leptospirosis per 100 000 population has increased to 1.97%
from 1.29% for the same period last year [2022].

The number of deaths due to leptospirosis also increased to 233 from
last year’s [2022] 201 from the same period.

Of 2168 leptospirosis cases this year [2023], Central Luzon logged
328: Cagayan Valley, 283; National Capital Region, 248; Davao Region,
205; Central Visayas, 157; Bicol Region, 123; Calabarzon, 120; 115
each from Zamboanga Peninsula and Caraga; Central Luzon, 89; North
Mindanao, 84; Mimaropa, 77; Cordillera Administrative Region, 74;
Eastern Visayas, 60; Cagayan Valley, 54; Soccsksargen, 32; and 4 from
Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

The DOH Guidelines for Leptospirosis for Hospitals defines the disease
as a zoonotic infection, primarily an illness of domesticated and wild

According to the Department of Health, leptospirosis is caused by the
Leptospira spirochetes that are acquired from infected urine or
feces of animals such as rats that contaminate food, water and soil.

Locally, leptospirosis tends to occur frequently in flooded urban
cities such as Manila.

[Byline: Ma. Teresa Montemayor]

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