PRO/AH/EDR> Marburg virus disease – Equatorial Guinea (10): (KN,WE) resolved
MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE – EQUATORIAL GUINEA (10): (KIE-NTEM, WELE-NZAS)
Date: Tue 16 May 2023
Source: La Prensa Latina, Agencia EFE report [edited] https://www.laprensalatina.com/equatorial-guinea-declares-end-of-marburg-outbreak/
Equatorial Guinea’s vice president, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue,
declared late Monday [15 May 2023] an end to a Marburg virus outbreak,
which caused 17 confirmed cases in the country, including 12 deaths.
“After not registering Marburg infections during the 21 days
stipulated by the WHO, and after the excellent work and results
obtained in the fight and containment of this virus, I have declared
today (Monday [15 May 2023]) the end of the Marburg virus in
Equatorial Guinea!” vice president, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue said
on his Twitter account.
A total of 17 laboratory-confirmed cases and 23 probable cases were
reported in the Central African country between 13 Feb 2023 — when it
declared a Marburg outbreak –, and 1 May 2023.
The last confirmed case was reported on 20 Apr 2023, according to the
World Health Organization.
Among the 17 confirmed cases, there were 12 deaths and all those
considered probable died, the UN agency said in a statement on 8 May
On 27 Apr 2023, the country’s health ministry said that all districts
of the province of Kie Ntem in the northeast of the continental region
of the country and some districts of Wele-Nzas in the southeast had
completed 42 days without a single new case being recorded, a WHO
requirement to declare the end of an epidemic.
According to the WHO, before initiating discussion on the 42-day
countdown to declare the end of an outbreak, it is recommended that
all listed contacts of confirmed or probable cases have completed
their 21-day follow-up period with no symptoms.
Tanzania also announced a Marburg outbreak on 21 Mar 2023, the 1st in
its history, with at least 8 confirmed cases in the northeast of the
country and 6 deaths.
Marburg is a highly infectious viral hemorrhagic fever, in the same
family as the better-known Ebola virus disease.
Before the epidemics in Equatorial Guinea and Tanzania, the most
recent outbreak of this disease was detected in Ghana in 2022 with 3
Prior to that, there were cases in Guinea in 2021, in Uganda in 2017,
2014, 2012 and 2007, in Angola between 2004 and 2005, in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1998 and 2000, in Kenya in 1990,
1987 and 1980 and in South Africa in 1975.
The disease is as deadly as Ebola and is estimated to have killed more
than 3500 people in Africa. Like Ebola, the Marburg virus causes
sudden bleeding and can lead to death within days. The disease has an
incubation period of 2 to 21 days and a mortality rate of up to 88
Fruit bats are the natural hosts of this virus, which when transmitted
to humans can be spread through direct contact with fluids such as
blood, saliva, vomit and urine.
The disease, for which there is no vaccine or specific treatment, was
detected in 1967 in the German city of Marburg by laboratory
technicians who were infected while studying monkeys brought from